The convergence of intelligence
theories and learning theories suggests similar methods for more effective
teaching and learning. For instance, if we accept Gardner’s theory
that the mind’s capacity for learning is much broader than traditionally
assumed, we can probably go along with Kolb’s assertion that individuals
have a natural ability to learn through a variety of methods. We can further
conclude from the studies of Caine and Caine that connectedness is a key
to effective learning. The following summary statements about effective
learning are a distillation of the theories of intelligence and learning
these researchers champion:
- Most people learn best
in a concrete manner involving personal participation, physical or hands-on
activities, and opportunities for personal discovery.
- Learning is greatly
enhanced when concepts are presented in the context of relationships
that are familiar to the student.
- Most people relate better
to concrete, tangible examples and experiences than to abstract conceptual
- Most students learn
best through some sort of personal interaction with other students—through
study groups, team learning, and so on.
- Rote memorization of
isolated fragments of knowledge is a relatively inefficient and ineffective
learning strategy for most students.
- Transfer of learning
from one situation to another is not consistently predictable, and the
ability to do so is a skill that must be learned.